How to look at Cubism? This is one of the main questions about this movement. There are certain way to look at it in order to actually see author’s idea and concept. But before getting there, we need to find out the origins of this highly important artistic style.
As we have mentioned before, Pablo Picasso had a great impact on the development of the movement. Him and his friend, painter George Braque had mastered the concept of Cubism. But there was a number of premises to this story. Creative pursuits of the post-impressionist French artist Paul Cézanne had a big influence on further avant-garde notions of 20th century. He wanted to simplify form to their geometric representations, to “treat nature by the cylinder, the sphere, the cone”. Researches in the perception of perspective led him to the studies of binocular vision in order to provide the viewer with the wider idea of the view. Instead of one point of view, we got several different visions of the same subject. He went away from the canvas as “window” to another reality with the regular single perspective, and came up with the idea of canvas as a surface with an object that was visible from different angles at the same time.
The same attitude toward the depth of the painting was seen in Georges Seurat’s works.
These are the crucial ideas for Cubism. Modernists like Picasso and Braque wanted to represent multidimensional reality on the flat canvas. Art historians differs in the opinion about the reasons for the
transformation of the traditional perspective (It had remained the same from the time of Renaissance). Some say it was caused by the urban changes and the development of the public spaces; other argue that it was about the growing speed of life and technical progress.
Cubism became the first non-representational art movement, and as we know, it is essential concept for the whole world of contemporary art. While looking at the Cubist works we have to remember three things: time, movement, and perspective. It is attempt to picture movement stretched in time with the multiple views. And through the prism of Cubism, the artist’s creative pursuits went further, and were continuing to change, just as the world around did.